By Aswad Walker

Originally appeared in Word in Black

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s quotes offer insight into how his ideas changed and evolved throughout his life as an activist.

The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a prolific speaker, meaning he has a litany of speeches given over his years in the public eye that go far beyond the many sermons he preached. Not only that, MLK wrote 10-plus books and penned countless op-eds for newspapers and magazines where he shared in detail his positions on various topics.

Thus, it is a sin and a shame that all most people know about MLK are the words that he uttered in the speech he gave during the Aug. 28, 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom—“I Have a Dream” (a speech he gave at least two times before that famous march).

Shared below are just a few lesser-known, but very powerful and telling quotes from our “Drum Major for Justice.” But please know that there is an entire world of information available to us all not only ABOUT Dr. King, but BY him—his own articles, books and speeches—that can give us more than a surface-level understanding of the man and what he stood for.

“I must confess that that dream that I had that day has in many points turned into a nightmare. Now I’m not one to lose hope. I keep on hoping. I still have faith in the future. But I’ve had to analyze many things over the last few years and I would say over the last few months, I’ve gone through a lot of soul-searching and agonizing moments. And I’ve come to see that we have many more difficulties ahead and some of the old optimism was a little superficial and now it must be tempered with a solid realism. And I think the realistic fact is that we still have a long, long way to go.” (Interview with NBC, May 8, 1967)

“There are some things so dear, some things so precious, some things so eternally true, that they are worth dying for. And I submit to you that if a man has not discovered something that he will die for, he isn’t fit to live.” (MLK said the last line of this quote on several occasions, including on June 23, 1963 at Cobo Hall during the Detroit Walk to Freedom, a march that preceded and had more participants that the March on Washington which was held on Aug. 28. 1963)

“Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” (Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963)

“We’ve been in the mountain of war. We’ve been in the mountain of violence. We’ve been in the mountain of hatred long enough. It is necessary to move on now, but only by moving out of this mountain can we move to the promised land of justice and brotherhood and the Kingdom of God. It all boils down to the fact that we must never allow ourselves to become satisfied with unattained goals. We must always maintain a kind of divine discontent.” (Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, Dec. 10, 1964)

“We must be concerned not merely about who murdered them, but about the system, the way of life, the philosophy which produced the murderers.” (Eulogy for the Martyred Children, 1963)

“When our days become dreary with low-hovering clouds of despair, and when our nights become darker than a thousand midnights, let us remember that there is a creative force in this universe, working to pull down the gigantic mountains of evil, a power that is able to make a way out of no way and transform dark yesterdays into bright tomorrows. Let us realize the arc of the moral universe is long but it bends toward justice.” (Article “Out of the Long Night,” The Gospel Messenger periodical, 1958)

“True compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar. It comes to see that an edifice which produces beggars needs restructuring.” (Beyond Vietnam, 1967)

“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character — that is the goal of true education.” (The Purpose of Education, 1947)

“A riot is the language of the unheard.” (Interview with Mike Wallace, 1966)

“Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health is the most shocking and inhuman.” (from MLK’s speech at the Convention of the Medical Committee for Human Rights, 1966)

“Every step towards the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals. Without persistent effort, time itself becomes an ally of the insurgent and primitive forces of irrational emotionalism and social destruction.” (Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story, Chapter XI: Where Do We Go From Here?)

“An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.” (Birth of a New Age, 1956)